Over the course of history prostitution has been looked down upon and not considered a real job. This has proven itself again and again through our laws and regulations. However, many women and human rights groups have been challenging this point of view. Groups such as the Red Umbrella Fund, Pivot and Maggie’s have all […]

Case Study Overview: The Oka Crisis The Oka Crisis is a renowned land dispute between the Mohawk First Nations and the municipality of Oka, located outside of what is now known as Montreal, Quebec. While the incident involved Akwesasne, Kahnewake, and Kanesetake First Nations, the conflict was primarily situated within the contested borders of the […]

For the past two decades, the Quebec government has witnessed thousands of students restlessly protest their intentions to raise post-secondary tuition fees.  In the 1990s, the Liberal government projected an increase of $500 to $1600 in tuition and increase of $280 annually over four years (The Canadian Press, 2012, May 22).  This sparked one of […]

When the G20 Summit was scheduled in Toronto for June 26th and 27th in 2010, it lead into an uproar of protesting that was something that had never been seen in the city. Protesters and police services were planning for months prior to the weekend to determine what their strategies and methods were to anticipate […]

On July 3rd, 2016, Black Lives Matter Toronto halted Toronto Pride’s main parade for over half an hour in defiant protest. The protest was led by the group’s co-founders, Alexandra Williams and Janaya Khan, who stalled the parade at a large intersection until Toronto Pride’s executive director agreed to their demands for change. They and […]

Within the realm of human rights, many advances have been made in ensuring that fundamental liberties inherent to being human are upheld and respected. Within a Canadian context, the mecca of this progression lies with the adoption of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms on April 17, 1982. This legislation, spearheaded by then Prime […]

The Gustafsen Lake Standoff represents a site of ongoing resistance to the Canadian colonial project. The institution of state control comes together for the purpose of reenforcing the Canadian state and defending its symbolic borders against First Nations. I use Michel Foucault’s (2009) concept of nation building as it is relevant to the need of […]

The Yonge Street Riot of 1992 holds a great deal of significance when analyzing the criminalization of dissent. In short, this event originated as a peaceful gathering in light of the outcomes of the Rodney King case in Los Angeles (Bradburn, 2011). Other contributing cases of police brutality at the time included the killing of […]

It is undeniable that the outcome of the Ipperwash crisis was none less than devastating. The death of Dudley George and the actions of the police towards the protestors as a group allows for the issue of criminalizing dissent to be brought to light, and hopefully eventually addressed at the institutional level. The Ipperwash crisis […]

State and police exercising power in society is nothing new, nor is public resistance to this type of power, but those resisting this power have recently become much more critical of state and police affairs. From displays of sovereign power, to modern undertakings of disciplinary power to help regulate individuals, there appears to be at […]